Prior to version 5.0, MySQL could only use one index per table in a given query without any exceptions; folks that didn’t understand this limitation would often have tables with lots of single-column indexes on columns which commonly appeared in their WHERE clauses, and they’d wonder why the EXPLAIN plan for a given SELECT would [...]
I had a customer recently who needed to reduce their database size on disk quickly without a lot of messy schema redesign and application recoding. They didn’t want to drop any actual data, and their index usage was fairly high, so we decided to look for unused indexes that could be removed. Collecting data It’s [...]
Notice the result of the NOW() function in the following query. The query was run on a real database server and I didn’t change the clock of the server or change anything in the database configuration settings.
mysql> SELECT NOW(),SYSDATE();
| NOW() | SYSDATE() |
| 1999-01-01 00:00:00 | 2012-11-29 05:50:03 |
1 row in set (0.00 sec)
You may proceed to party like it is 1999. How can the NOW() function return a value [...]
Earlier this week, Cédric blogged about how easy we can get confused between a covering index and a full index scan in the EXPLAIN output. While a covering index (seen with EXPLAIN as Extra: Using index) is a very interesting performance optimization, a full index scan (type: index) is according to the documentation the 2nd [...]
One of my favorite tools in the Percona Toolkit is pt-query-digest. This tool is indispensable for identifying your top SQL queries, and analyzing which queries are accounting for your database load. But the report you get from pt-query-digest is only as good as the log of queries you give it as input. You need a large [...]
I’ve got the great response to my two previous polls (1,2) so lets continue learning about how we all use MySQL. The question of this week is What is the maximum number of tables per MySQL instance do you use ? Thank you for participating!
My previous poll got a great response so I thought I should continue these series. The question of the day today is How much data do your store in your largest MySQL instance ? I’m interested about single instance not the total amount of data you have in MySQL in your Sharded replicated environment. Feel [...]
We have seen number of issues with MySQL Server related to amount of memory you have in the system – these range from problems with large size Query Cache to bad drop table performance with large Innodb Buffer Pool size. As such I wonder how much memory do we really use to run MySQL Server [...]
pt-online-schema-change is simple to use, but internally it is complex. Baron’s webinar about pt-online-schema-change hinted at several of the tool’s complexities. Consequently, users often want to know before making changes what pt-online-schema-change will do when it runs. The tool has two options to help answer this question: –dry-run and –print. When ran with –dry-run and –print, pt-online-schema-change changes nothing [...]
MySQL command line utilities have an interesting property – if you only use the prefix of the option or command it will go over the list of available command and if there is only one command with matching prefix it will execute it with no warnings or any kind, otherwise it will report the error. [...]