July 24, 2014

MySQL Connection Timeouts

Sometimes on very busy MySQL server you will see sporadic connection timeouts, such as Can’t connect to MySQL server on ‘mydb’ (110). If you have connects timed in your application you will see some successful connections taking well over the second. The problem may start very slow and be almost invisible for long time, for […]

MySQL Error: Too many connections

We have always received quite few questions here at Percona Support on how to avoid the dreaded “Too many connections” error, as well as what is the recommended value for max_connections. So, in this article I will try to cover best possible answers to these questions so others can mitigate similar kinds of issues. My […]

Configuring MySQL For High Number of Connections per Second

One thing I noticed during the observation was that there were roughly 2,000 new connections to MySQL per second during peak times. This is a high number by any account. When a new connection to MySQL is made, it can go into the back_log, which effectively serves as a queue for new connections on operating […]

Actively monitoring replication connectivity with MySQL’s heartbeat

Until MySQL 5.5 the only variable used to identify a network connectivity problem between Master and Slave was slave-net-timeout. This variable specifies the number of seconds to wait for more Binary Logs events from the master before abort the connection and establish it again. With a default value of 3600 this has been a historically […]

Checking for a live database connection considered harmful

It is very common for me to look at a customer’s database and notice a lot of overhead from checking whether a database connection is active before sending a query to it. This comes from the following design pattern, written in pseudo-code:

Many of the popular development platforms do something similar to this. Two […]

How to track down the source of Aborted_connects

Yesterday I helped someone who was seeing a lot of “server has gone away” error messages on his website. While investigating this problem, I noticed several things amiss, which appeared to be related but really weren’t. The biggest measurable sign was

MySQL net_write_timeout vs wait_timeout and protocol notes

In my previous post I mentioned you might need to increase net_write_timeout to avoid connection being aborted and now I think I should have better explained that. MySQL uses a lot of different timeout variables at different stages. For example when connection is just being established connect_timeout is used. When server waits for another query […]

Debugging sleeping connections with MySQL

Have you ever seen connection in the SHOW PROCESSLIST output which is in “Sleep” state for a long time and you have no idea why this would happen ? I see if frequently with web applications and it is often indication of trouble. Not only it means you may run out of MySQL connections quicker […]

Are PHP persistent connections evil ?

As you probably know PHP “mysql” extension supported persistent connections but they were disabled in new “mysqli” extension, which is probably one of the reasons some people delay migration to this extension. The reason behind using persistent connections is of course reducing number of connects which are rather expensive, even though they are much faster […]

A technical WebScaleSQL review and comparison with Percona Server

The recent WebScaleSQL announcement has made quite a splash in the MySQL community over the last few weeks, and with a good reason. The collaboration between the major MySQL-at-scale users to develop a single code branch that addresses the needs of, well, web scale, is going to benefit the whole community. But I feel that […]