April 18, 2014

A rule of thumb for choosing column order in indexes

I wanted to share a little rule of thumb I sometimes use to decide which columns should come first in an index. This is not specific to MySQL, it’s generally applicable to any database server with b-tree indexes. And there are a bunch of subtleties, but I will also ignore those for the sake of […]

Beware large Query_Cache sizes

During last couple of months I had number of consulting projects with MySQL Query Cache being source of serious problems. One would see queries both for MyISAM and Innodb tables mysteriously stalling for few seconds with “NULL” in State column. These could be troubleshooted to waiting on Query Cache which at the same time had […]

Using index for ORDER BY vs restricting number of rows.

One interesting problem with MySQL Optimizer I frequently run into is making poor decision when it comes to choosing between using index for ORDER BY or using index for restriction. Consider we’re running web site which sell goods, goods may be from different categories, different sellers different locations which can be filtered on, and there […]

Q&A: Common (but deadly) MySQL Development Mistakes

On Wednesday I gave a presentation on “How to Avoid Common (but Deadly) MySQL Development Mistakes” for Percona MySQL Webinars. If you missed it, you can still register to view the recording and my slides. Thanks to everyone who attended, and especially to folks who asked the great questions. I answered as many as we had time […]

How rows_sent can be more than rows_examined?

When looking at queries that are candidates for optimization I often recommend that people look at rows_sent and rows_examined values as available in the slow query log (as well as some other places). If rows_examined is by far larger than rows_sent, say 100 larger, then the query is a great candidate for optimization. Optimization could […]

How to monitor ALTER TABLE progress in MySQL

While working on a recent support issue as a Percona Support Engineer,  I got one question from a customer asking how to monitor ALTER TABLE progress. Actually, for MySQL 5.5 and prior versions, it’s quite difficult to ALTER the table in a running production environment especially for large tables (with millions records). Because it will rebuild and lock the table […]

Generating test data for MySQL tables

One of the common tasks requested by our support customers is to optimize slow queries. We normally ask for the table structure(s), the problematic query and sample data to be able to reproduce the problem and resolve it by modifying the query, table structure, or global/session variables. Sometimes, we are given access to the server […]

MySQL server memory usage troubleshooting tips

There are many blog posts already written on topics related to “MySQL server memory usage,” but nevertheless there are some who still get confused when troubleshooting issues associated with memory usage for MySQL. As a Percona support engineer, I’m seeing many issues regularly related to heavy server loads – OR OOM killer got invoked and […]

Percona Cloud Tools: Making MySQL performance easy

One of our primary focuses at Percona is performance. Let me make some statements on what is “performance.” In doing so I will refer to two pieces of content: Carry Millsap’s talk “Performance Instrumentation: Beyond What You Do Now” [1] White Paper (by Peter and Baron) “Goal-Driven Performance Optimization” [2] I highly recommend that you […]

Percona XtraDB Cluster 5.5.34-23.7.6 is now available

Percona is glad to announce the release of Percona XtraDB Cluster 5.5.34-23.7.6 on November 4, 2013. Binaries are available from the downloads area or from our software repositories. Bugs Fixed: Fixed the issues with upgrade on Debian caused by debian-start script. Bug fixed #1112363. Adding the AUTO_INCREMENT column to a table would result in data […]