July 29, 2014

Eventual Consistency in MySQL

We’re told that foreign key constraints are the best way to enforce logical referential integrity (RI) in SQL, preventing rows from becoming orphaned.  But then we learn that the enforcement of foreign keys incurs a significant performance overhead.1,2 MySQL allows us to set FOREIGN_KEY_CHECKS=0 to disable enforcement of RI when the overhead is too high.  But […]

Side load may massively impact your MySQL Performance

When we’re looking at benchmarks we typically run some stable workload and we run it in isolation – nothing else is happening on the system. This is not however how things happen in real world when we have significant variance in the load and many things can be happening concurrently. It is very typical to […]

How to debug long-running transactions in MySQL

Among the many things that can cause a “server stall” is a long-running transaction. If a transaction remains open for a very long time without committing, and has modified data, then other transactions could block and fail with a lock wait timeout. The problem is, it can be very difficult to find the offending code […]

Advanced index analysis with mk-index-usage

The new release of Maatkit has a useful feature in mk-index-usage to help you determine how indexes are used in more flexible ways. The default report just prints out ALTER statements for removing unused indexes, which is nice, but it’s often helpful to ask more sophisticated questions about index usage. I’ll use this blog’s queries […]

A micro-benchmark of stored routines in MySQL

Ever wondered how fast stored routines are in MySQL? I just ran a quick micro-benchmark to compare the speed of a stored function against a “roughly equivalent” subquery. The idea — and there may be shortcomings that are poisoning the results here, your comments welcome — is to see how fast the SQL procedure code […]

Neat tricks for the MySQL command-line pager

How many of you use the mysql command-line client?  And did you know about the pager command you can give it?  It’s pretty useful.  It tells mysql to pipe the output of your commands through the specified program before displaying it to you. Here’s the most basic thing I can think of to do with […]

Great Speakers, Fun, and Insights at Percona Live MySQL Conference

The Percona Live MySQL Conference 2014 is less than two weeks away, running April 1-4, and excitement is building for the great lineup of speakers, events, and networking opportunities it offers. This year’s conference also features the first-ever Open Source Appreciation Day, which takes place on March 31, 2014, and includes two separate events, CentOS […]

Keynote Speakers for Percona Live MySQL Conference 2014 and $5 Expo Only Passes

The Percona Live MySQL Conference 2014 in Santa Clara, California is just around the corner: April 1-4. There is a tremendous amount of activity leading up to the conference, some of which I will highlight here. Percona Live MySQL Conference 2014 Keynote Speakers I am extremely pleased with the keynote speakers we can now announce. […]

Finding a good IST donor in Percona XtraDB Cluster 5.6

Gcache and IST The Gcache is a memory-based cache of recent Galera transactions that is local to each node in a cluster.  If a node leaves and rejoins the cluster, it can use the gcache from another node that stayed in the cluster (i.e., its donor node) to fetch the transactions it missed (IST) as […]

MySQL webinar: ‘Introduction to open source column stores’

Join me Wednesday, September 18 at 10 a.m. PDT for an hour-long webinar where I will introduce the basic concepts behind column store technology. The webinar’s title is: “Introduction to open source column stores.” What will be discussed? This webinar will talk about Infobright, LucidDB, MonetDB, Hadoop (Impala) and other column stores I will compare […]