July 29, 2014

Percona Server with TokuDB (beta): Installation, configuration

My previous post was an introduction to the TokuDB storage engine and aimed at explaining the basics of its design and how it differentiates from InnoDB/XtraDB. This post is all about motivating you to give it a try and have a look for yourself. Percona Server is not officially supporting TokuDB as of today, though the […]

Why %util number from iostat is meaningless for MySQL capacity planning

Earlier this month I wrote about vmstat iowait cpu numbers and some of the comments I got were advertising the use of util% as reported by the iostat tool instead. I find this number even more useless for MySQL performance tuning and capacity planning. Now let me start by saying this is a really tricky and deceptive number. Many […]

Measure the impact of MySQL configuration changes with Percona Cloud Tools

When you make a change to your MySQL configuration in production it would be great to know the impact (a “before and after” type of picture). Some changes are obvious. For many variables proper values can be determined beforehand, i.e. innodb_buffer_pool_size or innodb_log_file_size. However, there is 1 configuration variable which is much less obvious for many people […]

Do not trust vmstat IOwait numbers

I’ve been running a benchmark today on my old test box with conventional hard drives (no raid with BBU) and noticed something unusual in the CPU utilization statistics being reported. The benchmark was run like this:

Which means: create 64 threads and hammer the database with queries as quickly as possible. As the test […]

Percona Live 2014 behind; MySQL ahead

I started using MySQL 11 years ago.  That’s not too long compared to other people in the industry, but nonetheless here’s my perspective on the state of the MySQL industry after attending Percona Live MySQL Conference & Expo 2104. In short, the attitude around MySQL has changed from “Does it work?” to “Is it fast […]

Introducing backup locks in Percona Server

TL;DR version: The backup locks feature introduced in Percona Server 5.6.16-64.0 is a lightweight alternative to FLUSH TABLES WITH READ LOCK and can be used to take both physical and logical backups with less downtime on busy servers. To employ the feature with mysqldump, use mysqldump –lock-for-backup –single-transaction. The next release of Percona XtraBackup will […]

How to monitor ALTER TABLE progress in MySQL

While working on a recent support issue as a Percona Support Engineer,  I got one question from a customer asking how to monitor ALTER TABLE progress. Actually, for MySQL 5.5 and prior versions, it’s quite difficult to ALTER the table in a running production environment especially for large tables (with millions records). Because it will rebuild and lock the table […]

Quick installation guide for Percona Cloud Tools for MySQL

Here in Percona Support, we’re receiving several requests per day for help with Percona Cloud Tools installation steps. So I decided to prepare a step-by-step example of the installation process with some comments based on experience.  Percona Cloud Tools is a hosted service providing access to query performance insights for all MySQL uses. After a […]

MySQL performance optimization: Don’t guess! Measure with Percona Cloud Tools

In our practice we often see that MySQL performance optimization is done in a sort of “black magic” way. A common opinion is: “If there is a performance problem – then it must be a database issue, because what else could it be? And if this is a database issue, then it must involve IO […]

One more InnoDB gap lock to avoid

While troubleshooting deadlocks for a customer, I came around an interesting situation involving InnoDB gap locks. For a non-INSERT write operation where the WHERE clause does not match any row, I expected there should’ve been no locks to be held by the transaction, but I was wrong. Let’s take a look at this table and […]