April 23, 2014

MVCC: Transaction IDs, Log Sequence numbers and Snapshots

MySQL Storage Engines implementing Multi Version Concurrency Control have several internal identifiers related to MVCC. I see a lot of people being confused what they are and why they are needed so I decided to take a time to explain it a bit. This is general explanation, it does not corresponds to Innodb in particular […]

Finding a good IST donor in Percona XtraDB Cluster 5.6

Gcache and IST The Gcache is a memory-based cache of recent Galera transactions that is local to each node in a cluster.  If a node leaves and rejoins the cluster, it can use the gcache from another node that stayed in the cluster (i.e., its donor node) to fetch the transactions it missed (IST) as […]

Percona XtraDB Cluster 5.6.15-25.2 first Release Candidate is now available

Percona is glad to announce the first RC release of Percona XtraDB Cluster 5.6 on December 18th, 2013. Binaries are available from downloads area or from our software repositories. Based on Percona Server 5.6.15-63.0 including all the bug fixes in it, Galera Replicator 3.2 and on Codership wsrep API 5.6.15-25.2 is now the first RELEASE […]

Limited disk space? Compact backups with Percona Xtrabackup 2.1

One very interesting feature, “Compact Backup,” is introduced in Percona XtraBackup 2.1. You can run “compact backups” with the  –compact option, which is very useful for those who have limited disk space to keep the database backup. Now let’s first understand how it works. When we are using –compact option with Innobackupex, it will omit the secondary […]

Percona XtraDB Cluster 5.5.31-23.7.5 now available

Percona is glad to announce the release of Percona XtraDB Cluster 5.5.31-23.7.5 on June 25, 2013. Binaries are available from the downloads area or from our software repositories. New Features: Information about the wsrep sequence number has been added to INFORMATION_SCHEMA.INNODB_TRX table. Percona XtraDB Cluster can now be bootstrapped with the new bootstrap-pxc option in […]

Recovery deleted ibdata1

Recently I had a case when a customer deleted the InnoDB main table space – ibdata1 – and redo logs – ib_logfile*. MySQL keeps InnoDB files open all the time. The following recovery technique is based on this fact and it allowed to salvage the database. Actually, the files were deleted long time ago – […]

Percona XtraDB Cluster reference architecture with HaProxy

This post is a step-by-step guide to set up Percona XtraDB Cluster (PXC) in a virtualized test sandbox. I used Amazon EC2 micro instances, but the content here is applicable for any kind of virtualization technology (for example VirtualBox). The goal is to give step by step instructions, so the setup process is understandable and […]

How to recover a single InnoDB table from a Full Backup

Sometimes we need to restore only some tables from a full backup maybe because your data loss affect a small number of your tables. In this particular scenario is faster to recover single tables than a full backup. This is easy with MyISAM but if your tables are InnoDB the process is a little bit […]

How innodb_open_files affects performance

Recently I looked at table_cache sizing which showed larger table cache does not always provides the best performance. So I decided to look at yet another similar variable – innodb_open_files which defines how many files Innodb will keep open while working in innodb_file_per_table mode. Unlike MyISAM Innodb does not have to keep open file descriptor […]

Copying InnoDB tables between servers

The feature I announced some time ago http://www.mysqlperformanceblog.com/2009/06/08/impossible-possible-moving-innodb-tables-between-servers/ is now available in our latest releases of XtraBackup 0.8.1 and XtraDB-6. Now I am going to show how to use it (the video will be also available on percona.tv). Let’s take tpcc schema and running standard MySQL ® 5.0.83, and assume we want to copy order_line […]