April 19, 2014

The two even more fundamental performance metrics

In a recent blog post, I wrote about four fundamental metrics for system performance analysis. These are throughput, residence time, “weighted time” (the sum of all residence times in the observation period — the terminology is mine for lack of a better name), and concurrency. I derived all of these metrics from two “even more […]

Virtualization and IO Modes = Extra Complexity

It has taken a years to get a proper integration between operating system kernel, device driver and hardware to get behavior with caches and IO modes correctly. I remember us having a lot of troubles with fsync() not flushing hard drive write cache and so potential hard drives can be lost on power failure. Happily […]

Introducing tcprstat, a TCP response time tool

Ignacio Nin and I (mostly Ignacio) have worked together to create tcprstat[1], a new tool that times TCP requests and prints out statistics on them. The output looks somewhat like vmstat or iostat, but we’ve chosen the statistics carefully so you can compute meaningful things about your TCP traffic. What is this good for? In […]

Performance Optimization and Six Sigma

You might be familiar with Six Sigma business management strategy which is employed by variety of the companies in relationship to managing quality of its product. Six Sigma applies to number of defects – when you have reached six sigma quality in your production you would see 99.99966% of the products manufactured with no defects, […]

Color code your performance numbers

When analyzing how good or bad response time is it is not handy to look at the averages, min or max times – something what is easily computed using built in aggregate functions. We most likely would like to see some percentile numbers – 95 percentile or 99 percentile. The problem is computing these in […]

Tuning InnoDB Concurrency Tickets

InnoDB has an oft-unused parameter innodb_concurrency_tickets that seems widely misunderstood. From the docs: “The number of threads that can enter InnoDB concurrently is determined by the innodb_thread_concurrency variable. A thread is placed in a queue when it tries to enter InnoDB if the number of threads has already reached the concurrency limit. When a thread […]

What do we optimize with mk-query-digest ?

When we’re looking at mk-query-digest report we typically look at the Queries causing the most impact (sum of the query execution times) as well as queries having some longest samples. Why are we looking at these ? Queries with highest Impact are important because looking at these queries and optimizing them typically helps to improve […]

mysql-proxy, urgh performance and scalability ?

For one our project I needed proxy solution, and mysql-proxy is one of well-known, so it was logical first choice. The obvious question which come in mind is what performance penalty we have using mysql-proxy, version 0.7.1. So it is easy to test. (By the way sysbench recently was pushed to Launchpad, see lp:sysbench, and […]

Understanding Performance Optimization Terminology

There are few terms you need to have a good understanding if you’re working with high volume systems. I commonly see these mixed and people not understanding the difference between them. Performance – The performance comes down to performing up to users expectations (or expectations of your boss) which drills down to two important metrics […]

Goal driven performance optimization

When your goal is to optimize application performance it is very important to understand what goal do you really have. If you do not have a good understanding of the goal your performance optimization effort may well still bring its results but you may waste a lot of time before you reach same results as […]