April 18, 2014

Redundant index is not always bad

About year ago Peter wrote about redundant indexes and mentioned sometimes it is good to leave two indexes, even one is first part of another. I’m speaking about BTREE indexes, for example, KEY (A), and KEY (A,B). From SQL point of view KEY(A) is not needed, as for queries like WHERE A=5 the index (A,B) […]

Using CHAR keys for joins, how much is the overhead ?

I prefer to use Integers for joins whenever possible and today I worked with client which used character keys, in my opinion without a big need. I told them this is suboptimal but was challenged with rightful question about the difference. I did not know so I decided to benchmark. The results below are for […]

To UUID or not to UUID ?

Brian recently posted an article comparing UUID and auto_increment primary keys, basically advertising to use UUID instead of primary keys. I wanted to clarify this a bit as I’ve seen it being problems in so many cases. First lets look at the benchmark – we do not have full schema specified in the article itself […]

MySQL Optimizer and Innodb Primary Key

Innodb primary key is special in many senses and I was always wondering how well MySQL is integrated with Innodb to take advantage of these special features. Lets see which things work and which things do not:

To pack or not to pack – MyISAM Key compression

MyISAM storage engine has key compression which makes its indexes much smaller, allowing better fit in caches and so improving performance dramatically. Actually packed indexes not a bit longer rows is frequent reason of MyISAM performing better than Innodb. In this article I’ll get in a bit more details about packed keys and performance implications […]

Advisory on Heartbleed (CVE-2014-0160) for Percona’s customers and users

Over the last few days, the Percona team has spent a lot of time evaluating the impact of the Heartbleed bug (CVE-2014-0160) for our customers and for the users of our software. We published a formal disclosure a few days ago. However, I thought a quick summary and some additional information would be good to […]

Percona XtraDB Cluster 5.6.15-25.5 is now available

Percona is glad to announce the new release of Percona XtraDB Cluster 5.6 on March 20th 2014. Binaries are available from downloads area or from our software repositories. Based on Percona Server 5.6.15-63.0 including all the bug fixes in it, Galera Replicator 3.4 and on Codership wsrep API 25.5 is now the current General Availability […]

The MySQL ARCHIVE storage engine – Alternatives

In my previous post I pointed out that the existing ARCHIVE storage engine in MySQL may not be the one that will satisfy your needs when it comes to effectively storing large and/or old data. But are there any good alternatives? As the primary purpose of this engine is to store rarely accessed data in disk […]

Generating test data for MySQL tables

One of the common tasks requested by our support customers is to optimize slow queries. We normally ask for the table structure(s), the problematic query and sample data to be able to reproduce the problem and resolve it by modifying the query, table structure, or global/session variables. Sometimes, we are given access to the server […]

Percona Toolkit collection: pt-visual-explain

This is the first in a series of posts highlighting a few of the seldom-used but still handy Percona Toolkit tools. Have you ever had a problem understanding the EXPLAIN statement output? And are you the type of person who would rather use the command line than a GUI application? Then I would recommend that […]