April 17, 2014

Changing an async slave of a PXC cluster to a new Master using 5.6 and GTID

Before Percona XtraBackup 2.1.7 and Percona XtraDB Cluster 5.6.15-25.3, rsync was the only SST method supporting GTID in the way that it was possible to move an asynchronous slave from one Galera node to another one (related bug). Indeed, previous versions of Percona XtraBackup didn’t copy any binary log and due to that, moving the […]

Seconds_Behind_Master fluctuating wildly? Check for events caught in a loop

Recently I was working with a customer where we noticed that Seconds_Behind_Master fluctuating from an expected value of 0 seconds behind to a fairly high six figure value.  The servers were configured in a master-master relationship and used 5 figure server_id values, and we had just migrated this cluster from one data centre to another […]

MySQL 5.6 New Replication Features: Webinar followup Q&A

I want to thank all attendees of my webinar, “MySQL 5.6 New Replication Features: Benefits, Challenges and Limitations“. We had questions that I didn’t have the time to answer: Q: If I run on Amazon’s RDS, do I need to worry about enabling crash-safe slaves, or is that already in place? A: Crash-safe replication is […]

MySQL 5.7 multi-source replication

Recently Oracle announced several new features for the latest available development version of MySQL that is 5.7.2 at the time of writing this article. Most of them are performance and replication related that show us how incredible the new release will be. In this post I’m going to try to explain in some easy steps […]

5 reasons why MySQL replication lag is flapping between 0 and XXXXX

Working day to day with Percona Remote DBA customers, we have been facing an issue from time to time when MySQL replication lag is flapping between 0 and XXXXX constantly – i.e. Seconds_Behind_Master is 0 for a few secs, then it’s like 6287 or 25341, again 0 and so on. I would like to note […]

Crash-resistant replication: How to avoid MySQL replication errors

Percona Server’s “crash-resistant replication” feature is useful in versions 5.1 through 5.5. However, in Percona Server 5.6 it’s replaced with Oracle MySQL 5.6′s “crash safe replication” feature, which has it’s own implementation (you can read more about it here). A MySQL slave normally stores its position in files master.info and relay-log.info which are updated by […]

Schema changes – what’s new in MySQL 5.6?

Among many of the improvements you can enjoy in MySQL 5.6, there is one that addresses a huge operational problem that most DBAs and System Administrators encounter in their life: schema changes. While it is usually not a problem for small tables or those in early stages of product life cycle, schema changes become a […]

pt-online-schema-change and binlog_format

Statement-based or row-based, or mixed?  We’ve all seen this discussed at length so I’m not trying to rehash tired arguments.  At a high level, the difference is simple: Statement based replication (SBR) replicates the SQL statements to the slave to be replayed Row based replication (RBR) replicates the actual rows changed to the slave to […]

Changing an async slave of a PXC cluster to a new Master

Async and PXC A common question I get about Percona XtraDB Cluster is if you can mix it with asynchronous replication, and the answer is yes!  You can pick any node in your cluster and it can either be either a slave or a master just like any other regular MySQL standalone server (Just be […]

Multicast replication in Percona XtraDB Cluster (PXC) and Galera

Bandwidth multiplication and synchronous clusters I’ve seen a lot of people setting up clusters with 3-6+ nodes on 1 Gbps networks.  1 Gbps seems like a lot, doesn’t it?  Actually, maybe not as much as you think.  While the theoretical limit of 1Gbps is actually 120MBps, I start to get nervous around 100MBps. By default […]